Osmussaar lighthouse is situated on the northwest coast of the island of Osmussaar on a high limestone cliff. The necessity of erecting a navigational aid on Osmussaar was mentioned in written sources already in 1648. A beacon was constructed in 1765, but due to the weathering of the limestone cliff it was in danger of collapsing and demolished in 1842. 128 metres away from its location a temporary wooden structure was erected, which was replaced by a limestone lighthouse in 1850.

The new lighthouse had a circular layout and a stone staircase inside the building. At the end of the 19th century, kerosene began to be used for the light and a storehouse for fuel was also built. In 1901 a powerhouse was built to provide electricity for the lighthouse. The tower was damaged in World War I but survived. However, in World War II in 1941, the retreating Red Army soldiers were ordered to destroy it.

After World War II, a temporary pyramid-shaped tower stood in that place, and in 1954 it was replaced with a new reinforced concrete lighthouse with a height of 35 metres – architecturally, this round tower with a balcony is among the finest examples of its time. During the renovation work carried out in 1998, a new lantern room was installed. A few older service buildings on the premises have been preserved, but the living quarters and storage spaces were built in the Soviet era.

Region: Hiiumaa and Läänemaa     Coordinates: 59.3036 N, 23.361183 E
Light: night     Light characteristic: Fl W 18s
Height from base: 35 m     Focal plane: 39 m
Visibility of light: 11 M     Years of construction: 1765, 1850, 1954

Information about visiting Osmussaar lighthouse is available on the Visit Estonia website.

Last updated: 28 January 2020